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Military Terms and Definitions

J-2X — The staff element of the intelligence directorate of a joint staff that combines and
represents the principal authority for counterintelligence and human intelligence
support. See also counterintelligence; human intelligence. (JP 2-01.2)

jamming — See barrage jamming; electronic attack; electromagnetic jamming;
selective jamming; spot jamming.

j-axis — A vertical axis in a system of rectangular coordinates; that line on which distances
above or below (north or south) the reference line are marked, especially on a map,
chart, or graph.

jet advisory service — The service provided certain civil aircraft while operating within
radar and nonradar jet advisory areas. Within radar jet advisory areas, civil aircraft
receiving this service are provided radar flight following, radar traffic information, and
vectors around observed traffic. In nonradar jet advisory areas, civil aircraft receiving
this service are afforded standard instrument flight rules separation from all other
aircraft known to air traffic control to be operating within these areas.

jet propulsion — Reaction propulsion in which the propulsion unit obtains oxygen from the
air, as distinguished from rocket propulsion, in which the unit carries its own
oxygen-producing material. In connection with aircraft propulsion, the term refers to a
gasoline or other fuel turbine jet unit that discharges hot gas through a tail pipe and a
nozzle which provides a thrust that propels the aircraft. See also rocket propulsion.

jet stream — A narrow band of high velocity wind in the upper troposphere or in the
stratosphere.

jettison — The selective release of stores from an aircraft other than normal attack.

jettisoned mines — (*) Mines which are laid as quickly as possible in order to empty the
minelayer of mines, without regard to their condition or relative positions.

joiner — (*) An independent merchant ship sailed to join a convoy. See also joiner
convoy; joiner section.

joiner convoy — (*) A convoy sailed to join the main convoy. See also joiner; joiner
section.

joiner section — (*) A joiner or joiner convoy, after rendezvous, and while maneuvering to
integrate with the main convoy.

joint — Connotes activities, operations, organizations, etc., in which elements of two or
more Military Departments participate. (JP 1)

joint acquisition review board — A joint task force or subunified commander established
board used to review and make recommendations for controlling critical common-user
logistic supplies and services within the joint operational area and to recommend the
proper sources of support for approved support requirements. Also called JARB. See
also combatant commander logistic procurement support board; joint contracting
support board. (JP 4-10)

joint after action report — A report consisting of summary joint universal lessons learned.
It describes a real world operation or training exercise and identifies significant lessons
learned. Also called JAAR.

joint air attack team — A combination of attack and/or scout rotary-wing aircraft and
fixed-wing close air support aircraft operating together to locate and attack highpriority
targets and other targets of opportunity. The joint air attack team normally
operates as a coordinated effort supported by fire support, air defense artillery, naval
surface fire support, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance systems, electronic
warfare systems, and ground maneuver forces against enemy forces. Joint terminal
attack controllers may perform duties as directed by the air mission commander in
support of the ground commander’s scheme of maneuver. Also called JAAT. See also
close air support. (JP 3-09.3)

joint airborne advance party — An advance ground party that provides terminal guidance,
air traffic control, ground control measures, intelligence gathering, and surface weather
observation in the objective area of an airlift operation. It may consist of US Air Force
combat control team members and a US Army long-range surveillance team or similar
forces. Also called JAAP. (JP 3-17)

joint airborne training — Training operations or exercises involving airborne and
appropriate troop carrier units. This training includes: a. air delivery of personnel and
equipment; b. assault operations by airborne troops and/or air transportable units; c.
loading exercises and local orientation fights of short duration; and d. maneuvers
and/or exercises as agreed upon by Services concerned and/or as authorized by the
Joint Chiefs of Staff.

joint air operations — Air operations performed with air capabilities/forces made available
by components in support of the joint force commander’s operation or campaign
objectives, or in support of other components of the joint force. (JP 3-30)

joint air operations center — A jointly staffed facility established for planning, directing,
and executing joint air operations in support of the joint force commander’s operation
or campaign objectives. Also called JAOC. See also joint air operations. (JP 3-30)

joint air operations plan — A plan for a connected series of joint air operations to achieve
the joint force commander’s objectives within a given time and joint operational area.
Also called JAOP. See also joint air operations. (JP 3-30)

joint amphibious operation — (*) An amphibious operation conducted by significant
elements of two or more Services.

joint amphibious task force — A temporary grouping of units of two or more Services
under a single commander, organized for the purpose of engaging in an amphibious
landing for assault on hostile shores. Also called JATF.

joint base — For purposes of base defense operations, a joint base is a locality from which
operations of two or more of the Military Departments are projected or supported and
which is manned by significant elements of two or more Military Departments or in
which significant elements of two or more Military Departments are located. See also
base. (JP 3-10)

joint captured materiel exploitation center — A physical location for deriving
intelligence information from captured enemy materiel. It is normally subordinate to
the joint force/J-2. Also called JCMEC. (JP 2-01)

joint civil-military operations task force — A joint task force composed of civil-military
operations units from more than one Service. It provides support to the joint force
commander in humanitarian or nation assistance operations, theater campaigns, or
civil-military operations concurrent with or subsequent to regional conflict. It can
organize military interaction among many governmental and nongovernmental
humanitarian agencies within the theater. Also called JCMOTF. See also civilmilitary
operations; joint task force; task force. (JP 3-05.1)

joint combined exchange training — A program conducted overseas to fulfill US forces
training requirements and at the same time exchange the sharing of skills between US
forces and host nation counterparts. Training activities are designed to improve US and
host nation capabilities. Also called JCET. (JP 3-05)

joint communications network — The aggregation of all the joint communications
systems in a theater. The joint communications network includes the joint multichannel
trunking and switching system and the joint command and control
communications system(s). Also called JCN.

joint concept — Links strategic guidance to the development and employment of future
joint force capabilities and serve as “engines for transformation” that may ultimately
lead to doctrine, organization, training, materiel, leadership and education, personnel
and facilities (DOTMLPF) and policy changes. (CJCSI 3010.02)

joint contracting support board — A joint task force or subunified commander
established board to coordinate all contracting support and to determine specific
contracting mechanisms to obtain commercially procured common logistic supplies
and services within the joint operational area. Also called JCSB. See also combatant
commander logistic procurement support board; joint acquisition review board.
(JP 4-10)

joint deployable intelligence support system — A transportable workstation and
communications suite that electronically extends a joint intelligence center to a joint
task force or other tactical user. Also called JDISS. (JP 2-0)

Joint Deployment and Distribution Enterprise — The complex of equipment,
procedures, doctrine, leaders, technical connectivity, information, shared knowledge,
organizations, facilities, training, and materiel necessary to conduct joint distribution
operations. Also called JDDE. (DODI 5851.06)

joint desired point of impact — A unique, alpha-numeric coded aimpoint identified by a
three dimensional (latitude, longitude, elevation) mensurated point. It represents a
weapon or capabilities desired point of impact or penetration and is used as the standard
for identifying aimpoints. Also called a JDPI. See also aimpoint; desired point of
impact; desired mean point of impact. (JP 3-60)

joint doctrine — Fundamental principles that guide the employment of US military forces
in coordinated action toward a common objective. Joint doctrine contained in joint
publications also includes terms, tactics, techniques, and procedures. It is authoritative
but requires judgment in application. See also Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
instruction; Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff manual; doctrine; joint
publication; joint test publication; multinational doctrine. (CJCSI 5120.02)

Joint Doctrine Planning Conference — A forum that meets semiannually to address and
vote on project proposals; discuss key joint doctrinal and operational issues; discuss
potential changes to the joint doctrine development process; keep up to date on the
status of the joint publication projects and emerging publications; and keep abreast of
other initiatives of interest to the members. The Joint Doctrine Planning Conference
provides recommendations that are approved by the Joint Staff/J-7, in the name of the
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Also called JDPC. (CJCSI 5120.01A)

joint document exploitation center — A physical location for deriving intelligence
information from captured adversary documents including all forms of electronic data
and other forms of stored textual and graphic information. It is normally subordinate to
the joint force/J-2. Also called JDEC. See also intelligence. (JP 2-01)

joint duty assignment — An assignment to a designated position in a multi-Service, joint
or multinational command or activity that is involved in the integrated employment or
support of the land, sea, and air forces of at least two of the three Military Departments.
Such involvement includes, but is not limited to, matters relating to national military
strategy, joint doctrine and policy, strategic planning, contingency planning, and
command and control of combat operations under a unified or specified command.
Also called JDA.

Joint Duty Assignment List — Positions designated as joint duty assignments are reflected
in a list approved by the Secretary of Defense and maintained by the Joint Staff. The
Joint Duty Assignment List is reflected in the Joint Duty Assignment Management
Information System. Also called JDAL.

joint engagement zone — See weapon engagement zone. (JP 3-52)

Joint Facilities Utilization Board — A joint board that evaluates and reconciles
component requests for real estate, use of existing facilities, inter-Service support, and
construction to ensure compliance with Joint Civil-Military Engineering Board
priorities. Also called JFUB. (JP 3-34)

joint field office — A temporary multiagency coordination center established at the incident
site to provide a central location for coordination of federal, state, local, tribal,
nongovernmental, and private-sector organizations with primary responsibility for
incident oversight, direction, and/or assistance to effectively coordinate protection,
prevention, preparedness, response, and recovery actions. Also called JFO. (JP 3-28)

joint fires — Fires delivered during the employment of forces from two or more
components in coordinated action to produce desired effects in support of a common
objective. See also fires. (JP 3-0)

joint fires element — An optional staff element that provides recommendations to the
operations directorate to accomplish fires planning and synchronization. Also called
JFE. See also fire support; joint fires. (JP 3-60)

joint fire support — Joint fires that assist air, land, maritime, and special operations forces
to move, maneuver, and control territory, populations, airspace, and key waters. See
also fire support; joint fires. (JP 3-0)

joint flow and analysis system for transportation — System that determines the
transportation feasibility of a course of action or operation plan; provides daily lift
assets needed to move forces and resupply; advises logistic planners of channel and
port inefficiencies; and interprets shortfalls from various flow possibilities. Also called
JFAST. See also course of action; operation plan; system. (JP 3-35)

joint force — A general term applied to a force composed of significant elements, assigned
or attached, of two or more Military Departments operating under a single joint force
commander. See also joint force commander. (JP 3-0)

joint force air component commander — The commander within a unified command,
subordinate unified command, or joint task force responsible to the establishing
commander for making recommendations on the proper employment of assigned,
attached, and/or made available for tasking air forces; planning and coordinating air
operations; or accomplishing such operational missions as may be assigned. The joint
force air component commander is given the authority necessary to accomplish
missions and tasks assigned by the establishing commander. Also called JFACC. See
also joint force commander. (JP 3-0)

joint force commander — A general term applied to a combatant commander, subunified
commander, or joint task force commander authorized to exercise combatant command
(command authority) or operational control over a joint force. Also called JFC. See
also joint force. (JP 1)

joint force land component commander — The commander within a unified command,
subordinate unified command, or joint task force responsible to the establishing
commander for making recommendations on the proper employment of assigned,
attached, and/or made available for tasking land forces; planning and coordinating land
operations; or accomplishing such operational missions as may be assigned. The joint
force land component commander is given the authority necessary to accomplish
missions and tasks assigned by the establishing commander. Also called JFLCC. See
also joint force commander. (JP 3-0)

joint force maritime component commander — The commander within a unified
command, subordinate unified command, or joint task force responsible to the
establishing commander for making recommendations on the proper employment of
assigned, attached, and/or made available for tasking maritime forces and assets;
planning and coordinating maritime operations; or accomplishing such operational
missions as may be assigned. The joint force maritime component commander is given
the authority necessary to accomplish missions and tasks assigned by the establishing
commander. Also called JFMCC. See also joint force commander. (JP 3-0)

joint force special operations component commander — The commander within a
unified command, subordinate unified command, or joint task force responsible to the
establishing commander for making recommendations on the proper employment of
assigned, attached, and/or made available for tasking special operations forces and
assets; planning and coordinating special operations; or accomplishing such operational
missions as may be assigned. The joint force special operations component
commander is given the authority necessary to accomplish missions and tasks assigned
by the establishing commander. Also called JFSOCC. See also joint force
commander. (JP 3-0)

joint force surgeon — A general term applied to a Department of Defense medical
department officer appointed by the joint force commander to serve as the joint force
special staff officer responsible for establishing, monitoring, or evaluating joint force
health service support. Also called JFS. See also health service support; joint force.
(JP 4-02)

joint functions — Related capabilities and activities grouped together to help joint force
commanders synchronize, integrate, and direct joint operations. Functions that are
common to joint operations at all levels of war fall into six basic groups — command
and control, intelligence, fires, movement and maneuver, protection, and sustainment.
(JP 3-0)

joint guidance, apportionment, and targeting team — A group that makes
recommendations for air apportionment to engage targets, and provides other targeting
support requiring component input at the joint force air component commander level.
Also called JGAT team. See also air apportionment; apportionment; joint force
air component commander; targeting. (JP 3-60)

joint information bureau — Facility established by the joint force commander to serve as
the focal point for the interface between the military and the media during the conduct
of joint operations. When operated in support of multinational operations, a joint
information bureau is called a “multinational information bureau.” Also called JIB.
See also public affairs. (JP 3-16)

joint information system — Integrates incident information and public affairs into a
cohesive organization designed to provide consistent, coordinated, timely information
during a crisis or incident. Also called JIS. (JP 3-28)

joint integrated prioritized target list — A prioritized list of targets approved and
maintained by the joint force commander. Targets and priorities are derived from the
recommendations of components and other appropriate agencies, in conjunction with
their proposed operations supporting the joint force commander’s objectives and
guidance. Also called JIPTL. See also target. (JP 3-60)

joint intelligence — Intelligence produced by elements of more than one Service of the
same nation. (JP 2-0)

joint intelligence architecture — A dynamic, flexible structure that consists of the Defense
Joint Intelligence Operations Center, combatant command joint intelligence operations
centers, and subordinate joint task force intelligence operations centers or joint
intelligence support elements. This architecture encompasses automated data
processing equipment capabilities, communications and information requirements, and
responsibilities to provide national, theater, and tactical commanders with the full range
of intelligence required for planning and conducting operations. See also architecture;
intelligence. (JP 2-0)

joint intelligence liaison element — A liaison element provided by the Central Intelligence
Agency in support of a unified command or joint task force.

joint intelligence operations center — An interdependent, operational intelligence
organization at the Department of Defense, combatant command, or joint task force (if
established) level, that is integrated with national intelligence centers, and capable of
accessing all sources of intelligence impacting military operations planning, execution,
and assessment. Also called JIOC. (JP 2-0)

joint intelligence preparation of the battlespace — The analytical process used by joint
intelligence organizations to produce intelligence assessments, estimates and other
intelligence products in support of the joint force commander’s decision making
process. It is a continuous process that includes defining the total battlespace
environment; describing the battlespace’s effects; evaluating the adversary; and
determining and describing adversary potential courses of action. The process is used
to analyze the air, land, sea, space, electromagnetic, cyberspace, and human dimensions
of the environment and to determine an opponent’s capabilities to operate in each.
Joint intelligence preparation of the battlespace products are used by the joint force and
component command staffs in preparing their estimates and are also applied during the
analysis and selection of friendly courses of action. Also called JIPB. See also
battlespace; intelligence; intelligence preparation of the battlespace; joint
intelligence. (JP 2-0)

joint intelligence support element — A subordinate joint force element whose focus is on
intelligence support for joint operations, providing the joint force commander, joint
staff, and components with the complete air, space, ground, and maritime adversary
situation. Also called JISE. See also intelligence; joint force; joint operations.
(JP 2-01)

joint interagency coordination group — An interagency staff group that establishes
regular, timely, and collaborative working relationships between civilian and military
operational planners. Composed of US Government civilian and military experts
accredited to the combatant commander and tailored to meet the requirements of a
supported joint force commander, the joint interagency coordination group provides the
joint force commander with the capability to coordinate with other US Government
civilian agencies and departments. Also called JIACG. (JP 3-08)

joint interface control officer — The senior interface control officer for multi-tactical data
link networks in the joint force. Responsible for development and validation of the
architecture and the joint interoperability and management of the multi-tactical data
link networks. Oversees operations of a joint interface control cell. Also called
JICO. (JP 3-01)

joint interrogation and debriefing center — Physical location for the exploitation of
intelligence information from detainees and other sources. Also called JIDC. See also
information; intelligence. (JP 2-01.2)

joint interrogation operations — 1. Activities conducted by a joint or interagency
organization to extract information for intelligence purposes from enemy prisoners of
war, dislocated civilians, enemy combatants, or other uncategorized detainees. 2.
Activities conducted in support of law enforcement efforts to adjudicate enemy
combatants who are believed to have committed crimes against US persons or property.
Also called JIO. See also enemy combatant. (JP 2-01)

joint line of communications security board — A board established to coordinate the
security of all lines of communications (including that provided by allies or host
nations) to support the concept of operations.. Also called JLSB. (JP 3-10)

joint logistics — The coordinated use, synchronization, and sharing of two or more Military
Departments’ logistic resources to support the joint force. See also logistics. (JP 4-0)

Joint Logistics Operations Center — The Joint Logistics Operations Center is the current
operations division within the Logistics Directorate of the Joint Staff. It monitors
crisis, exercises, and interagency actions. It also works acquisition and cross-servicing
agreements as well as international logistics. The Joint Logistics Operations Center
reviews deployment orders produced by the Operations Directorate of the Joint Staff
for logistic issues and ensures the correct airlift priority code is assigned. Also called
JLOC. See also logistics. (JP 4-01)

joint logistics over-the-shore commander — The joint logistics over-the-shore (JLOTS)
commander is selected by the joint force commander (JFC) and is usually from either
the Army or Navy components that are part of the JFC’s task organization. This
individual then builds a joint headquarters from personnel and equipment in theater to
organize the efforts of all elements participating in accomplishing the JLOTS mission
having either wet or dry cargo or both. JLOTS commanders will usually integrate
members from each participating organization to balance the overall knowledge base in
their headquarters. See also joint logistics over-the-shore operations. (JP 4-01.6)

joint logistics over-the-shore operations — Operations in which Navy and Army logistics
over-the-shore forces conduct logistics over-the-shore operations together under a joint
force commander. Also called JLOTS operations. See also joint logistics; logistics
over-the-shore operations. (JP 4-01.2)

joint manpower program — The document that reflects an activity’s mission, functions,
organization, current and projected manpower needs and, when applicable, its required
mobilization augmentation. A recommended joint manpower program also identifies
and justifies any changes proposed by the commander or director of a joint activity for
the next five fiscal years. Also called JMP.

Joint Materiel Priorities and Allocation Board — The agency charged with performing
duties for the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in matters that establish materiel
priorities or allocate resources. Also called JMPAB. See also materiel. (JP 4-09)

joint meteorological and oceanographic coordination cell — A subset of a joint
meteorological and oceanographic coordination organization which is delegated the
responsibility of executing the coordination of meteorological and oceanographic
support operations in the operational area. Also called JMCC. (JP 3-59)

joint meteorological and oceanographic coordination organization — A Service
meteorological and oceanographic organization which is designated within the
operations order as the lead organization responsible for coordinating meteorological
and oceanographic operations support in the operational area. Also called JMCO.
(JP 3-59)

joint meteorological and oceanographic officer — Officer designated to provide direct
meteorological and oceanographic support to a joint force commander. Also called
JMO. (JP 3-59)

joint mission-essential task — A mission task selected by a joint force commander deemed
essential to mission accomplishment and defined using the common language of the
universal joint task list in terms of task, condition, and standard. Also called JMET.
See also condition, universal joint task list.

Joint Mobility Control Group — The Joint Mobility Control Group is the focal point for
coordinating and optimizing transportation operations. This group is comprised of
seven essential elements. The primary elements are US Transportation Command’s
Mobility Control Center, Joint Operational Support Airlift Center, Global Patient
Movement Requirements Center, Tanker/Airlift Control Center, Military Sealift
Command’s Command Center, Military Traffic Management Command’s Command
Operations, and the Joint Intelligence Center-US Transportation Command. Also
called JMCG. See also Global Patient Movement Requirements Center; mobility;
United States Transportation Command. (JP 3-17)

joint mortuary affairs office — Plans and executes all mortuary affairs programs within a
theater. Provides guidance to facilitate the conduct of all mortuary programs and to
maintain data (as required) pertaining to recovery, identification, and disposition of all
US dead and missing in the assigned theater. Serves as the central clearing point for all
mortuary affairs and monitors the deceased and missing personal effects program. Also
called JMAO. See also mortuary affairs; personal effects. (JP 4-06)

joint movement center — The center established to coordinate the employment of all
means of transportation (including that provided by allies or host nations) to support the
concept of operations. This coordination is accomplished through establishment of
transportation policies within the assigned operational area, consistent with relative
urgency of need, port and terminal capabilities, transportation asset availability, and
priorities set by a joint force commander. Also called JMC. See also concept of
operations. (JP 4-0)

Joint Munitions Effectiveness Manual-Special Operations — A publication providing a
single, comprehensive source of information covering weapon effectiveness, selection,
and requirements for special operations munitions. In addition, the closely related
fields of weapon characteristics and effects, target characteristics, and target
vulnerability are treated in limited detail required by the mission planner. Although
emphasis is placed on weapons that are currently in the inventory, information is also
included for some weapons not immediately available but projected for the near future.
Also called JMEM-SO. (JP 3-05.1)

joint network operations control center — An element of the J-6 established to support a
joint force commander. The joint network operations control center serves as the single
control agency for the management and direction of the joint force communications
systems. The joint network operations control center may include plans and operations,
administration, system control, and frequency management sections. Also called
JNCC. (JP 6-0)

joint nuclear accident coordinating center — A combined Defense Special Weapons
Agency and Department of Energy centralized agency for exchanging and maintaining
information concerned with radiological assistance capabilities and coordinating that
assistance in response to an accident or incident involving radioactive materials. Also
called JNACC.

joint operation planning — Planning activities associated with joint military operations by
combatant commanders and their subordinate joint force commanders in response to
contingencies and crises. Joint operation planning includes planning for the
mobilization, deployment, employment, sustainment, redeployment, and
demobilization of joint forces. See also execution planning; Joint Operation
Planning and Execution System; joint operation planning process. (JP 5-0)

Joint Operation Planning and Execution System — A system of joint policies,
procedures, and reporting structures, supported by communications and computer
systems, that is used by the joint planning and execution community to monitor, plan,
and execute mobilization, deployment, employment, sustainment, redeployment, and
demobilization activities associated with joint operations. Also called JOPES. See
also joint operation planning; joint operations; level of detail. (JP 5-0)

joint operation planning process — An orderly, analytical process that consists of a
logical set of steps to analyze a mission; develop, analyze, and compare alternative
courses of action against criteria of success and each other; select the best course of
action; and produce a joint operation plan or order. Also called JOPP. See also joint
operation planning; Joint Operation Planning and Execution System. (JP 5-0)

joint operations — A general term to describe military actions conducted by joint forces, or
by Service forces in relationships (e.g., support, coordinating authority), which, of
themselves, do not establish joint forces. (JP 3-0)

joint operations area — An area of land, sea, and airspace, defined by a geographic
combatant commander or subordinate unified commander, in which a joint force
commander (normally a joint task force commander) conducts military operations to
accomplish a specific mission. Also called JOA. See also area of responsibility;
joint special operations area. (JP 3-0)

joint operations area forecast — The official baseline meteorological and oceanographic
forecast for operational planning and mission execution within the joint operations area.
Also called JOAF. (JP 3-59)

joint operations center — A jointly manned facility of a joint force commander’s
headquarters established for planning, monitoring, and guiding the execution of the
commander’s decisions. Also called JOC.

joint patient movement requirements center — A joint activity established to coordinate
the joint patient movement requirements function for a joint task force operating within
a unified command area of responsibility. It coordinates with the theater patient
movement requirements center for intratheater patient movement and the Global
Patient Movement Requirements Center for intertheater patient movement. Also called
JPMRC. See also health service support; joint force surgeon; joint operations
area; medical treatment facility; patient. (JP 4-02)

joint patient movement team — Teams comprised of personnel trained in medical
regulating and movement procedures. These teams can supplement a global, theater, or
joint patient movement requirements center staff. Joint patient movement teams are
under the operational control of the Global Patient Movement Requirements Center
until attached to a theater/joint patient movement requirements center or forward
element supporting the respective joint operation or Federal Emergency Management
Agency contingency. Also called JPMT. (JP 4-02)

joint personnel recovery center — The primary joint force organization responsible for
planning and coordinating personnel recovery for military operations within the
assigned operational area. Also called JPRC. See also combat search and rescue;
search and rescue. (JP 3-50)

joint personnel recovery support product — The basic reference document for personnel
recovery-specific information on a particular country or region of interest. Also called
JPRSP. (JP 3-50)

joint personnel training and tracking activity — The continental US center established
(upon request of the supported combatant commander) to facilitate the reception,
accountability, processing, training, and onward movement of both military and civilian
individual augmentees preparing for overseas movement to support a joint military
operation. Also called JPTTA. (JP 1-0)

joint planning and execution community — Those headquarters, commands, and
agencies involved in the training, preparation, mobilization, deployment, employment,
support, sustainment, redeployment, and demobilization of military forces assigned or
committed to a joint operation. It consists of the Joint Staff, the Services and their
major commands (including the Service wholesale logistics commands), the combatant
commands (and their Service component commands), the subordinate unified
commands and other subordinate joint forces of the combatant commands, and the
combat support agencies. Also called JPEC. (JP 5-0)

joint planning group — A planning organization consisting of designated representatives
of the joint force headquarters principal and special staff sections, joint force
components (Service and/or functional), and other supporting organizations or agencies
as deemed necessary by the joint force commander. Also called JPG. See also crisis
action planning; joint operation planning. (JP 5-0)

joint psychological operations task force — A joint special operations task force
composed of headquarters and operational assets. It assists the joint force commander
in developing strategic, operational, and tactical psychological operation plans for a
theater campaign or other operations. Mission requirements will determine its
composition and assigned or attached units to support the joint task force commander.
Also called JPOTF. See also joint special operations task force; psychological
operations; special operations. (JP 3-53)

joint publication — A publication containing joint doctrine that is prepared under the
direction and authority of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and applies to all
Armed Forces of the United States. Also called JP. See also Chairman of the Joint
Chiefs of Staff instruction; Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff manual; joint
doctrine; joint test publication. (CJCSI 5120.02A)

joint readiness — See readiness.

joint reception center — The center established in the operational area (per direction of the
joint force commander), with responsibility for the reception, accountability, training,
processing, of military and civilian individual augmentees upon their arrival in the
operational area. Also the center where augmentees will normally be outprocessed
through upon departure from the operational area. Also called JRC. (JP 3-35)

joint reception complex — The group of nodes (air and/or sea) designated by the supported
combatant command, in coordination with the host nation and United States
Transportation Command, that receives, processes, services, supports, and facilitates
onward movement of personnel, equipment, materiel, and units deploying into, out of,
or within a theater line of communications. See also group; node. (JP 3-35)

joint reception coordination center — The organization, established by the Department of
the Army as the designated Department of Defense executive agent for the repatriation
of noncombatants, that ensures Department of Defense personnel and noncombatants
receive adequate assistance and support for an orderly and expedient debarkation,
movement to final destination in the US, and appropriate follow-on assistance at the
final destination. Also called JRCC. (JP 3-68)

joint reception, staging, onward movement, and integration — A phase of joint force
projection occurring in the operational area. This phase comprises the essential
processes required to transition arriving personnel, equipment, and materiel into forces
capable of meeting operational requirements. Also called JRSOI. See also
integration; joint force; reception; staging. (JP 3-35)

joint restricted frequency list — A time and geographically-oriented listing of TABOO,
PROTECTED, and GUARDED functions, nets, and frequencies. It should be limited
to the minimum number of frequencies necessary for friendly forces to accomplish
objectives. Also called JRFL. See also electronic warfare; guarded frequencies;
protected frequencies; TABOO frequencies. (JP 3-13.1)

joint security area — A specific surface area, designated by the joint force commander to
facilitate protection of joint bases that support joint operations. Also called JSA.
(JP 3-10)

joint security coordination center — A joint operations center tailored to assist the joint
security coordinator in meeting the security requirements in the joint operational area.
Also called JSCC. (JP 3-10)

joint security coordinator — The officer with responsibility for coordinating the overall
security of the operational area in accordance with joint force commander directives
and priorities. Also called JSC. (JP 3-10)

joint servicing — That function performed by a jointly staffed and financed activity in
support of two or more Military Services. See also servicing.

joint special operations air component commander — The commander within a joint
force special operations command responsible for planning and executing joint special
operations air activities. Also called JSOACC. (JP 3-05)

joint special operations area — An area of land, sea, and airspace assigned by a joint force
commander to the commander of a joint special operations force to conduct special
operations activities. It may be limited in size to accommodate a discrete direct action
mission or may be extensive enough to allow a continuing broad range of
unconventional warfare operations. Also called JSOA. (JP 3-0)

joint special operations task force — A joint task force composed of special operations
units from more than one Service, formed to carry out a specific special operation or
prosecute special operations in support of a theater campaign or other operations. The
joint special operations task force may have conventional non-special operations units
assigned or attached to support the conduct of specific missions. Also called JSOTF.
(JP 3-05)

joint specialty officer or joint specialist — An officer on the active duty list who is
particularly trained in, and oriented toward, joint matters. Also called JSO.

joint staff — 1. The staff of a commander of a unified or specified command, subordinate
unified command, joint task force, or subordinate functional component (when a
functional component command will employ forces from more than one Military
Department), that includes members from the several Services comprising the force.
These members should be assigned in such a manner as to ensure that the commander
understands the tactics, techniques, capabilities, needs, and limitations of the component
parts of the force. Positions on the staff should be divided so that Service representation
and influence generally reflect the Service composition of the force. 2. (capitalized as
Joint Staff) The staff under the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff as provided for in
Title 10, United States Code, Section 155. The Joint Staff assists the Chairman of the
Joint Chiefs of Staff and, subject to the authority, direction, and control of the
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
in carrying out their responsibilities. Also called JS. See also staff. (JP 1)

Joint Staff doctrine sponsor — A Joint Staff directorate assigned to coordinate a specific
joint doctrine project with the Joint Staff. Joint Staff doctrine sponsors assist the lead
agent and primary review authority as requested and directed and process the final
coordination (and test publications if applicable) for approval. Also called JSDS. See
also joint doctrine. (CJCSI 5120.02A)

Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan — The Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan provides
guidance to the combatant commanders and the Joint Chiefs of Staff to accomplish
tasks and missions based on current military capabilities. It apportions limited forces
and resources to combatant commanders, based on military capabilities resulting from
completed program and budget actions and intelligence assessments. The Joint
Strategic Capabilities Plan provides a coherent framework for capabilities-based
military advice provided to the President and Secretary of Defense. Also called JSCP.
See also combatant commander; joint. (JP 5-0)

joint strategic exploitation center — Theater-level physical location for an exploitation
facility that functions under the direction of the joint force commander and is used to
hold detainees with potential long-term strategic intelligence value, deemed to be of
interest to counterintelligence or criminal investigators, or who may be a significant
threat to the United States, its citizens or interests, or US allies. Also called JSEC.
(JP 2-01.2)

Joint Strategic Planning System — One of the primary means by which the Chairman of
the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in consultation with the other members of the Joint Chiefs of
Staff and the combatant commanders, carries out the statutory responsibilities to assist
the President and Secretary of Defense in providing strategic direction to the Armed
Forces; prepares strategic plans; prepares and reviews joint operation plans; advises the
President and Secretary of Defense on requirements, programs, and budgets; and
provides net assessment on the capabilities of the Armed Forces of the United States
and its allies as compared with those of their potential adversaries. Also called JSPS.
(JP 5-0)

joint suppression of enemy air defenses — A broad term that includes all suppression of
enemy air defense activities provided by one component of the joint force in support of
another. Also called J-SEAD. See also suppression of enemy air defenses. (JP 3-01)
As Amended Through 17 March 2009
300 JP 1-02

joint table of allowances — A document that authorizes end-items of materiel for units
operated jointly by two or more military assistance advisory groups and missions. Also
called JTA.

joint table of distribution — A manpower document that identifies the positions and
enumerates the spaces that have been approved for each organizational element of a
joint activity for a specific fiscal year (authorization year), and those spaces which have
been accepted for planning and programming purposes for the four subsequent fiscal
years (program years). Also called JTD. See also joint manpower program.

Joint Tactical Air Reconnaissance/Surveillance Mission Report — A preliminary report
of information from tactical reconnaissance aircrews rendered by designated debriefing
personnel immediately after landing and dispatched prior to compilation of the initial
photo interpretation report. It provides a summary of the route conditions,
observations, and aircrew actions and identifies sensor products. Also called MISREP.

joint targeting coordination board — A group formed by the joint force commander to
accomplish broad targeting oversight functions that may include but are not limited to
coordinating targeting information, providing targeting guidance and priorities, and
refining the joint integrated prioritized target list. The board is normally comprised of
representatives from the joint force staff, all components, and if required, component
subordinate units. Also called JTCB. See also joint integrated prioritized target
list; targeting. (JP 3-60)

joint targeting steering group — A group formed by a combatant commander to assist in
developing targeting guidance and reconciling competing requests for assets from
multiple joint task forces. Also called JTSG. See also group; joint; targeting.
(JP 3-60)

joint target list — A consolidated list of selected targets, upon which there are no
restrictions placed, considered to have military significance in the joint force
commander’s operational area. Also called JTL. See also joint; target. (JP 3-60)

joint task force — A joint force that is constituted and so designated by the Secretary of
Defense, a combatant commander, a subunified commander, or an existing joint task
force commander. Also called JTF. (JP 1)

Joint Task Force-Civil Support — A standing joint task force established to plan and
integrate Department of Defense support to the designated lead federal agency for
domestic chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and high-yield explosives
consequence management operations. Also called JTF-CS. (JP 3-41)

joint task force counterintelligence coordinating authority — An authority that affects
the overall coordination of counterintelligence (CI) activities (in a joint force
intelligence directorate counterintelligence and human intelligence staff element, joint
task force configuration), with subordinate command CI elements, other supporting CI
organizations, and supporting agencies to ensure full CI coverage of the task force
operational area. Also called TFCICA. See also counterintelligence;
counterintelligence activities; joint task force. (JP 2-01.2)

joint technical augmentation cell — A tailored team that, when directed, deploys to a
supported combatant commander’s area of responsibility to provide chemical,
biological, radiological, and nuclear technical advice and planning assistance for
executing foreign consequence management. Also called JTAC. (JP 3-41)

Joint Technical Coordinating Group for Munitions Effectiveness — A Joint Staff-level
organization tasked to produce generic target vulnerability and weaponeering studies.
The special operations working group is a subordinate organization specializing in
studies for special operations. Also called JTCG-ME. (JP 3-05.1)

joint terminal attack controller — A qualified (certified) Service member who, from a
forward position, directs the action of combat aircraft engaged in close air support and
other offensive air operations. A qualified and current joint terminal attack controller
will be recognized across the Department of Defense as capable and authorized to
perform terminal attack control. Also called JTAC. See also terminal attack control.
(JP 3-09.3)

joint test publication — A proposed publication produced for the purpose of field-testing
an emergent concept that has been validated through the Joint Experimentation
Program or a similar joint process. Also called JTP. See also Chairman of the Joint
Chiefs of Staff instruction; joint doctrine; joint publication. (CJCSI 5120.02)

joint total asset visibility — The capability designed to consolidate source data from a
variety of joint and Service automated information systems to provide joint force
commanders with visibility over assets in-storage, in-process, and in-transit. Also
called JTAV. (JP 3-35)

Joint Transportation Board — Responsible to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff,
the Joint Transportation Board assures that common-user transportation resources
assigned or available to the Department of Defense are allocated as to achieve
maximum benefit in meeting Department of Defense objectives. Also called JTB. See
also common-user transportation. (JP 4-01.2)

joint urban operations — All joint operations planned and conducted across the range of
military operations on or against objectives on a topographical complex and its adjacent
natural terrain where manmade construction or the density of noncombatants are the
dominant features. Also called JUOs. See also joint operations. (JP 3-0)

joint warfighting capabilities assessment — A team of warfighting and functional area
experts from the Joint Staff, unified commands, Services, Office of the Secretary of
Defense, and Defense agencies tasked by the Joint Requirements Oversight Council
with completing assessments and providing military recommendations to improve joint
warfighting capabilities. Also called JWCA.

Joint Worldwide Intelligence Communications System — The sensitive, compartmented
information portion of the Defense Information Systems Network. It incorporates
advanced networking technologies that permit point-to-point or multipoint information
exchange involving voice, text, graphics, data, and video teleconferencing. Also called
JWICS. (JP 2-0)

joint zone (air, land, or sea) — An area established for the purpose of permitting friendly
surface, air, and subsurface forces to operate simultaneously.

join up — (*) To form separate aircraft or groups of aircraft into a specific formation.

judge advocate — An officer of the Judge Advocate General’s Corps of the Army, Air
Force, Marine Corps, and the United States Coast Guard who is designated as a judge
advocate. Also called JA. (JP 1-04)

jumpmaster — The assigned airborne qualified individual who controls paratroops from
the time they enter the aircraft until they exit. See also stick commander (air
transport).

jump speed — The airspeed at which paratroops can jump with comparative safety from an
aircraft.

 

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